General Resources

Resources from Heartland Girls’ Ranch Hearts for Freedom Service Provider Guide © 2015 

Minnesota Services
for Sexually Exploited Youth

Brittany’s Place, St. Paul, MN
Central Minnesota Sexual Assault Program ,St.Cloud, MN
Cornerstone, Bloomington, MN
Heartland Girls’ Ranch, Benson, MN
Hmong American Partnership, St.Paul, MN
Mid-Minnesota Legal Aid
Life House, Duluth, MN
Minnesota Indian Women’s Resource Center, Minneapolis, MN
Minnesota Human Trafficking Task Force, Minneapolis, MN
Mission 21, Rochester, MN
North Homes Children and Family Services, Grand Rapids, MN
Olmsted County Victim Services, Rochester, MN
PAVSA - Program for Aid to Victims of Sexual Assault, Duluth, MN    
Runaway Intervention Project, Midwest Children’s Resource Center, St. Paul, MN
Safehaven, Duluth, MN
Someplace Safe, Fergus Falls, MN
The Family Partnership, Minneapolis, MN
The Link, Minneapolis and Twin Cities Metro Area
Willmar Lutheran Social Services of Minnesota, Willmar, MN PH: 507.381.6670
YouthLink, Minneapolis,MN 

Minnesota Coalitions, Initiatives and Task Forces Addressing Sex Trafficking in Minnesota

The Advocates for Human Rights, Minneapolis, MN
MN Girls Are Not for Sale, Women’s Foundation of Minnesota, Minneapolis,MN
Minnesota Human Trafficking Task Force, St.Paul, MN
Minnesota Coalition Against Sexual Assault, St.Paul, MN
Minnesota Indian Women’s Sexual Assault Coalition, Minneapolis, MN
Minnesota Alliance on Crime or MAC, St.Paul, MN
Minnesota Coalition for Battered Women, St.Paul, MN
Sacred Hoop Coalition, Duluth, MN
Hennepin County No Wrong Door Initiative, Minneapolis, MN    
Duluth Trafficking Task Force Duluth, MN 

Reports and Articles

Adolescent Girls in the Minnesota Sex Trade: Tracking Study Results from February to November 2010 The Shapiro Group. Prepared for the Women’s Funding Network. 

And Boys Too: An ECPAT-USA discussion paper about the lack of recognition of the commercial sexual exploitation of boys in the United States , (2013) ECPAT USA 

Blueprint: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Domestic Sex Trafficking of Girls (2013) Epstein, Rebecca and Edelman, Peter   

Bought and Sold: Helping Young People Escape from Sexual Exploitation. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved on December 29, 2014 

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children: A Fact Sheet (2015). National Center for Exploited and Missing Children 

Commercial Sexual Exploitation: Innovative Ideas for Working with Children and Youth 2002, Social Services and Community Safety Division, Justice Institute of British Columbia. 

Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States: A Guide for Providers of Victim and Support Services (2013). Institute of Medicine and National Research Council of the National Academies. 

Demanding Justice Benchmark Assessment (2013). Shared Hope International 

Demanding Justice Report (2014). Shared Hope International 

Early Intervention to Avoid Sex Trading and Trafficking of Minnesota’s Female Youth: A Benefit-Cost Analysis (2012). By Martin, L., Lotspeich, R., Stark, L., for the MN Indian Women’s Resource Center 

Finding a Path to Recovery: Residential Facilities for Minor Victims of Domestic Sex Trafficking (2007). By Clawson, H., Goldblatt Grace, L.. U.S. Department of health and Human Services. 

Garden of Truth: The Prostitution and Trafficking of Native Women in Minnesota, (2011) By Farley, M., Matthews, N., Deer, S., Lopez, G., Stark, C., Hudon, E... A project of Minnesota Indian Women's Sexual Assault Coalition and Prostitution Research & Education

Guiding Principles of Trauma-Informed Care, (2014). SAMSHA News 

Homeless Youth Act Biennial Report (2015). Office of Economic Opportunity, Minnesota Department of Human Services. 

Human Trafficking & Demand. (2013). Minnesota Human Trafficking Task Force. 

Human Trafficking in AMERICA’S SCHOOLS (2015). By Jeneé Littrell, Grossmont Union High School District. U.S. Department of Education, Office of Safe and Healthy Students 

Human Trafficking in Minnesota A Report to the Minnesota Legislature September 2014. Prepared by: Minnesota Office of Justice Programs, Minnesota Statistical Analysis Center

Human Trafficking and Slavery: Are governments doing enough to eradicate the illicit trade? (2012). By Keiner, R. CQ Researcher. Volume 6, Issue 20. 

Human Trafficking Task Force Primary Prevention Fact Sheet 2015. MN Human Trafficking Task Force. 

Improving Human Trafficking Victim Identification— Validation and Dissemination of a Screening Tool (2014). By Simich, L., Goyen, L., and Mallozi, K., Vera Institute. 

JUST Response State System Mapping Report: A Review of Current Statutes, Systems, and Services Responses to Juvenile Sex Trafficking (2015). Shared Hope International 

Male Trafficking (2013). Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights. US Department of State, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons 

National Colloquium 2012 Final Report: An Inventory and Evaluation of the Current Shelter and Services Response to Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking. Shared Hope International, ECPAT-USA and the Protection Project, John Hopkins University. 

National Plan to Prevent the Sexual Abuse and Exploitation of Children (2012). The National Coalition to Prevent Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation 

No Wrong Door: A Comprehensive Approach to Safe Harbor for Minnesota’s Sexually Exploited Youth, (2013). Department of Public Safety Office of Justice Programs 

No Wrong Door: Hennepin County Response Plan to End the Sexual Exploitation of Youth (2014). Hennepin County No Wrong Door Workgroup    

Overview of domestic trafficking of minors in the United States, 2009. SNAPSHOT, Wilder 

Overview of Youth and Young Adult Homelessness in Minnesota. Facts and Analysis of Data from the 2006 Statewide Study. Wilder Research. June 2008. 

Protected Innocence Challenge: A Legal Framework of Protection for the Nation’s Children (2014). Shared Hope International 

Protection of Sexually Exploited Children and Youth (2010). Government of Alberta, Province of Alberta, Canada.

Research to Action: Sexually Exploited Minors (SEM) Needs and Strengths, (2012). By Basson, D., Rosenblatt, E., Haley, H.. WestCoast Children’s Clinic    

Runaway /Thrownaway Children: National Estimates and Characteristics, (2002). Hammer, H., Finkelhor, D., & Sedlak, A. for the National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 

Safe Harbor Bush Fellowship: Summary Report of State Site Visits (2013). By Holger-Ambrose, Beth. Bush Fellowship Program, The Bush Foundation, St. Paul, MN 

Safe Harbor: Fulfilling Minnesota’s Promise to Protect Sexually Exploited Youth, (2013). The Advocates for Human Rights 

Safe Harbor/No Wrong Door Protocol and Procedure Manual January 2015 Draft. Minnesota Department of Health For more information contact Lauren Ryan, Statewide Safe Harbor Director at

Safe Harbors Youth Intervention Project: Guidelines for Working with Homeless, Runaway and Sexually Exploited Youth. Developed and Implemented in Ramsey County, Minnesota. (2009) Partners for Violence Prevention 

Saving Bobbi, (2013) By Louwagie, Pam, Minneapolis Star Tribune four part series.

Screening for Human Trafficking: Guidelines for Administering the Trafficking Victim Identification Tool (TVIT) (2014) Vera Institute of Justice 

Shattered Hearts: Commercial Sexual Exploitation of American Indian Women and Girls in Minnesota (2009). By Pierce, Sandi for the MN Indian Women’s Resource Center 

Six Pillars for Prevention (2015). The National Coalition to Prevent Child Sexual Abuse & Exploitation 

Statutory Protective Responses to Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking Victims (2013) Shared Hope International 

Suicidal Behavior and Sexual / Physical Abuse Among Street Youth. (1998) By Molnar, B., Shade, S., Kral, A., Booth, R., & Watters, J. (1998). Child Abuse & Neglect. Vol. 22, NO. 3, pp. 213-222. - 

Surviving the Streets of New York: Experiences of LGBTQ Youth, YMSM, and YWSW Engaged in Survival Sex (2015). By Dank, M., et al. Urban Institute 

The Illusions and Juxtapositions of Commercial Sexual Exploitation among Youth: Identifying Effective Street- Outreach Strategies (2013) By Beth Holger-Ambrose , Cheree Langmade , Laurel D. Edinburgh & Elizabeth Saewyc,JournalofChildSexualAbuse,22:3,326-340 

The National Report on Domestic Sex Trafficking (America’s Prostituted Children (2009). By Smith, L., Healy Vardaman, S., Snow, M.. Shared Hope International 

The Prostitution Project: Community-Based Research on Sex Trading in North Minneapolis (2010) By Lauren Martin. Cura Reporter 

The United States Mid-Term Review on the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in America (2006). Shared Hope International, et al. 

Traffic Stop: A discussion about child welfare and judicial strategies for preventing juvenile sex trafficking and helping its survivors (2014). Shared Hope International.

Treating the Hidden Wounds: Trauma Treatment and Mental Health Recovery for Victims of Human Trafficking (2008). By Clawson, H., Solomon, A., Goldblatt Grace, L.. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. 

UNLOCKING OPPORTUNITY FOR AFRICAN AMERICAN GIRLS: A Call to Action for Educational Equity 2014. NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc., National Women’s Law Center

U.S. Laws on Trafficking in Persons US Department of State

What is Sex Trafficking Shared Hope International

Working with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning/queer youth, Minnesota Department of Human Services 

Why does my child keep returning to abusers? (2015) PACE - Parents Against Child Sexual Exploitation 


Beyond Remote-Controlled Childhood by Diane E.Levin PhD.  
Girls Like Us: Fighting for a World Where Girls Are Not for Sale by Rachel Lloyd    
Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide by Nicholas Kristof
My Pretty and It’s Ugly Truth by De'Vonna Pittman  
Not for Sale: The Return of the Global Slave Trade - and How We Can Fight It by David Batstone
Pornland: How Porn Has Hijacked Our Sexuality by Gail Dines
So Sexy So Soon: The New Sexualized Childhood and What Parents Can Do to Protect Their Kids by Diane E.Levin PhD.& Jean Kilbourne
Somebody’s Daughter: The Hidden Story of America’s Prostituted Children and the Battle to Save Them By Julian Sher
The Impact of Pornography on Children, Youth and Culture By Cordelia Anderson Sensibilities Prevention Services
The Road of Lost Innocence by Somaly Mam with Ruth Marshall 


Human Trafficking Prevention and Education for Youth and Youth Workers (2010). IPATH - Indiana Protection for Abused and Trafficked Humans Task Force.
My Life My Choice Curriculum (2002). By Williams, D. and Goldblatt Grace, L. 
The Survivor’s Guide to Leaving (2014) By White, Sheila with Lloyd, Rachel. Girls Educational and Mentoring Services – GEMS 


21st Century Sex Slaves (2006)
Born into Brothels (2004) 
Chosen (2013). Shared Hope International
Very Young Girls (2007). GEMS–Girls Educational and Mentoring Services
Nefarious: Merchant of Souls   
Not My Life (2012)
Sexy Baby Movie (2012)  
Sexy, Inc. Our Children Under Influence (2007)  
The Price of Sex (2011)
Which Way Home (2009)
With Impunity: Men and Gender Violence (2012) 


ECPAT –USA: Sample Educator’s Toolkit Human Trafficking Prevention and Education for Youth and Youth Workers (2010).
IPATH - Indiana Protection for Abused and Trafficked Humans Task Force. 
Human Trafficking Task Force E-Guide: Strengthening Collaborative Response
Out of the Shadows: A Tool for the Identification of Victims of Human Trafficking (2014). By Laura Simich, Vera Institute. 
MDH: Safe Harbor/No Wrong Door Regional Navigator Protocol and Procedure Manual”, January 2015 Draft, Intake/Needs Assessment, Confidentiality Agreement, Participants Rights, and Safety Plan tools. Minnesota Department of Health. For more information contact:
HGR Community Resource Assessment Tool (2014). - Developed by Do Justice Consulting LLC for Heartland Girls’ Ranch